How rap has changed throughout the decades Saturday, Feb 27 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

Even the most casual music followers can distinguish ‘old school’ rap from its more modern releases. The ‘boom bap’ drums and simple, catchy samples are hallmarks of rap’s infancy period, and the era of the genre’s so-called Golden Age is still held in high esteem by listeners and RapTV readers.

Although rap music saw its largest boom period on the West Coast, its origins can be traced back to the other side of the country, to the Bronx. African-American and Caribbean youth joined artistic forces to create a platform and outlet for society’s disenfranchised and underrepresented.

This novel form of artistic expression was inclusive to everybody regardless of musical ability or financial status. You didn’t have to go to music classes and learn complicated musical theory, nor did you have to shell out hundreds of dollars on musical instruments. This new, rhythmic form of music required only verbal charisma and an awareness of society’s many issues at the time.

How Was Early Rap Different From Todays?

Although themes of societal oppression, racial inequalities, and ‘humble brags’ about material wealth have been ever-present themes of rap, its ancestor was still radically different from today’s product.

Production techniques were still in their infancy, and creators had to make do with the limited equipment at their disposal. Drum machines and samplers came into the fold shortly after the success of Sugar Hill Gang’s 1979 song Rapper’s Delight, the first mainstream hit from the new genre.

The Legacy of 80s Rap

The following decade unfolded, with Run DMC and Eric B ; Rakim lighting up the charts. The hip-hop revolution was now in full swing, and its mecca was New York City. Where Run DMC dealt in mainstream, club-oriented hits, other artists were using rap as a vehicle to express their most profound thoughts.

De La Soul’s 1989 album Three Feet High and Rising was a turning point in the genre’s development. Considered rap’s equivalent of Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of the Moon, the album’s rich tapestry of samples and eclectic array of musical interludes marked one of the first times rap music was considered a legitimate artistic force.

Rappers today still use art to express their most vulnerable thoughts. Although production techniques and studio capabilities have evolved enormously since the ’80s, the lyrical themes have always been relevant.

Gangsta Rap Changed the Game – Both for Better and Worse

Rap music’s first full decade culminated in its most controversial record yet – N.W.A’s Fuck tha Police. As the 1990s unfolded, rap’s mainstream status moved from the East Coast to the West seemingly overnight.

The rap music of that decade is considered by many to be its greatest. Although the East Coast still churned out classic albums by Nas, Jay-Z, and The Notorious B.I.G, California had become hip-hops’ most fertile breeding ground.

The Gangsta Rap explosion marked the end of introspective lyrics and pacifistic life viewpoints and popularized depictions of guns, women, drug use, and life in economically deprived areas. Spearheaded by slow, heavy beats and 1970s funk samples, Gangsta Rap became one of music’s most profitable genres.

The Legacy of G-Funk Production Lives On

Listeners found themselves being increasingly alienated by Gangsta Rap. Unable to relate to the lifestyle anymore, the genre was in danger of becoming a parody.

Although the lyrical content became more and more ridiculous, Gangsta Rap’s production techniques continue to be enormously influential. The arrival of artists such as Kayne West resurrected rap and propelled it back into the mainstream.

West’s philosophy of using hip-hop to create diverse aural collages gave way to a new generation of rappers. As music software became cheaper and more available, Soundcloud Rap began to make waves with the youth of the 2000s.

Now, artists such as the departed XXXTentacion and Juice WRLD have brought hip-hop back to its introspective roots. Where will it go from here? Only time will tell.

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press

The post How rap has changed throughout the decades appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

Choosing the best hair care product for your hair Saturday, Feb 27 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

You may have heard about the vast market of hair care products out today. Many claim to help hair growth, protection from UV damage, strengthen your hair color or lighten your hair, everything short of growing an entirely new head of hair for you (and some even promise that).

But with all of these claims, do any of these products deliver on their promises and do what they claim to do? What is the right one for you, and how can you find it amongst all of the new hair tech on the market? Let’s clear things up a bit and help you to understand where the new hot brand Prose Hair stands in the hair tech field.

Customizable Products

Unlike any other, the key to hair care is how specific it can be for each head of hair. With Prose, you answer a detailed questionnaire and quickly get a custom-made hair care system that is built just for you.

This is what really sets them apart from all of the mass-produced hair products on the market, making them more desirable to you, the consumer.

But how do they do this effectively? What’s the science behind a good hair care system?

The Science

Technology is progressing fast, with a new invention every day. We continually improve and refine our world’s technology through artificial intelligence, multimedia content, and little things that make everyday life easier.

If everything else seems to be making progress, why should hair care be any different? With Prose, you have access to the most refined, unique hair care technology out there.

Naturally Innovative

Talented chemists in Paris handcraft prose products. They create these specially-formulated products for each individual by taking natural, healthy ingredients and then using them in new ways.

This means your hair is getting all the nutrients and goodness of naturally nourishing elements of those holistic hair products in a way that is more effective in treating your hair’s unique characteristics.

A Greener Planet

The beauty industry can, unfortunately, result in a whole lot of waste and a disappointing amount of damage to our environment. Prose hair care is a certified B Corporation, which means they employ cleaner processes and bottling methods to help sustain our planet.

They seek to revolutionize the beauty industry and its processes as a whole, and they do that by setting the example. They prove that you can get effective, quality hair care without harming the environment, animals or using unnecessary materials.

You can rest easy with a clear conscience knowing Prose is creating your custom products in ways that protect our planet, and they pay their employees living wages.

Always Evolving

To remain on the cutting edge of the hair care industry, Prose is always open to switching up its formulas. With Prose, you check back in with every bottle to report your hair’s progress. If you’re not getting the results you’re hoping for, they get to work right away, tweaking and improving your system, making sure you’re getting exactly what you want from their products.

Even more than that, they are continually updating their formulas as their chemists come across better, more effective ways to do things. If there’s new technology being discovered, you can be certain to find it incorporated into your next bottles of Prose.

This openness and desire for constant progress are two of the many things that make Prose hair care more technologically advanced than other brands.

They are never satisfied with settling for just “good enough,” and you shouldn’t be, either.

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press 

The post Choosing the best hair care product for your hair appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

ELSB hosts online cooking class to help encourage healthy eating Friday, Feb 26 2021 

By Eli Hughes–

U of L’s Engage Lead Serve Board hosted “Food for Thought,” a virtual cooking class on Feb. 22. Participants learned how to make a vegan dish that required very little time and ingredients.

The event was hosted by ELSB’s directors of the Mental Health and Physical Health Committee, Jenna Tinnel and Afi Tagnedji, who led the participants in the recipe and gave out helpful tips along the way.

Participants were able to sign up for a pick-up time, and then pick up all of the ingredients that they needed to make braised chickpeas and spinach. All of the ingredients were provided to participants for free.

After cooking along with hosts and making a healthy dinner, directors from some of the other ELSB committees presented.

Directors of the Human Prosperity Committee, Mallory Mitchell and Sarah Thomas, presented on the issue of food apartheid. According to the PowerPoint they shared at the meeting, “Chronic food injustice is also referred to as ‘food apartheid’, which comes from ‘food desert’. The term ‘food apartheid’ encapsulates the idea that food insecurity is intentional and malicious.”

They went on to explain how prevalent this problem is in Louisville and how students can help by getting involved with and supporting programs like Black Market, #FeedTheWest, Louisville Community Grocery, New Roots and the Cardinal Cupboard Food Pantry. 

Next to present at the event was Abigail Exley, one of the directors of the Cardinal Cupboard Food Pantry. She began by explaining that the goal of the Cardinal Cupboard is to make sure that everyone in the campus community has access to healthy food.

Exley then gave tips to students for cooking healthy on a budget. “Before going to the store, make a list of the items you need and discover how much they ought to cost. Using coupons and apps to your favorite stores can help,” Exley said.

The event concluded with participants receiving links to three more healthy recipes and a cookbook giveaway.

More information about ELSB can be found on their website.

Graphic by Alexis Simon // The Louisville Cardinal

The post ELSB hosts online cooking class to help encourage healthy eating appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

The best products for an even skin tone Friday, Feb 26 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

Everyone wants beautiful, glowing, and evenly toned skin. The absolute dream is to be able to just roll out of bed, brush our teeth, and leave the house knowing we look fabulous with no effort.

However, in the real world, achieving an even skin tone does take effort. The goal is to make it look like you were naturally blessed with it.

Since we have decided it isn’t just going to happen magically, let’s discuss how to even skin tone. What are the best products, and how do you use them?


Turmeric is for more than just cooking. This yellow spice has been used in medicine, dying cloth, and cooking, of course.

Turmeric is not the first thing you think of when talking about skincare. However, it is excellent for many skin issues. It helps to calm redness and helps with dark spots. Some people have even had success using it to reduce the appearance of acne scars.

Turmeric also has antibacterial properties and aids in helping to clean bacteria out of your pores. It also reduces swelling so that you can kiss those under-eye bags goodbye.

Vitamin C.

Vitamin C is essential to improving the health of your skin. It makes an excellent exfoliant and can help remove dead skin and other impurities.

Vitamin C helps to minimize the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and dark spots. It is also very moisturizing, which will help your skin maintain its natural elasticity and reduce signs of aging.

Licorice Extract

When you think of licorice, the image of red rope candy most likely jumped into your mind. You may already know that licorice flavoring comes from the licorice plant. The extract also comes directly from the plant.

Licorice extract is a great option to use to even your skin tone if you have sensitive skin. It is not acidic and is much more gentle than some other options. Licorice extract will also help calm any redness or swelling.

Aloe Vera

You have no doubt used aloe vera on a sunburn before. It is excellent for your skin even when you are not suffering from a sunburn.

Aloe vera is very soothing and helps reduce redness. If you suffer from dry patches of the skin, using aloe vera will be best for you.


You already know that honey is a natural sweetener and tastes great in tea. It tastes fantastic by itself.

You may not know that you can use honey as part of your skincare routine. It is excellent for killing bacteria so that it can never turn into acne. It is also a perfect way for your skin to maintain its natural moisture.

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is an ingredient you may or may not be familiar with. It is often found in higher-end shampoos. It has a beautiful, clean smell.

Tea tree oil works wonders in acne and skin irritations. It is a great ingredient to be included in a face mask.

Cocoa Powder

You no doubt are very familiar with this ingredient. No doubt you have made a few pans of brownies in your lifetime or at least eaten a chocolate candy bar.

Unfortunately, eating chocolate is not always good for our skin, but it is a different story when you put cocoa powder on your skin. It can aid your skin in its natural healing process and works excellently when used in an exfoliant.

In conclusion, all you need to achieve an even skin tone is within your reach. The best choice is to use natural ingredients. Add some of these to your skin routine, and you will be leaving the house without makeup in no time.

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press

The post The best products for an even skin tone appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

Looking at the changes happening in the business world Thursday, Feb 25 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

If you would like to set yourself up for success in your career, you need to look at some of the changes taking place in the business world. In the past, the entirety of the focus of the business world was on making money. Of course, businesses still care about the bottom line. At the same time, this is no longer the only factor that plays a role. What are some of the ways that the business world is changing? There are a few essential points that everyone should keep in mind.

A Greater Focus on Work-Life Balance

Today, a lot of businesses are focused on work-life balance. People would be expected to show up at the office and stay until the work is done in the past. Now, businesses understand that if they want to recruit the most talented employees in the field, they need to provide exceptional work-life balance opportunities. For example, a lot of people today are deciding to work from home. That way, they do not spend an hour or more per day commuting. This is more time than people can spend with their family members and friends. It will be interesting to see how the business world adapts to even greater demands for even better work-life balance in the future.

An Increased Focus on the Responsibilities of Businesses

Also, there is an increased focus on businesses’ responsibilities, often called ESG, which stands for environmental, social, and governance. In the past, companies were seen as amoral. It didn’t necessarily mean that they had terrible morals. They didn’t have any at all. Now, businesses are becoming increasingly moral institutions. For example, many companies are aware that many people are looking for companies that care about the environment. In the past, many companies would destroy the environment at the altar of a better bottom line. Now, this is not necessarily the case. Today, many mindful companies are focused on helping the environment, improving their employees’ lives, managing their labor, and focusing on privacy.

The Responsibility that Comes with Big Data

Speaking of privacy, it is essential to take a closer look at Big Data. Today, companies collect data on just about everyone that uses the website. This provides them with information that they can use to inform their marketing practices. At the same time, collecting the type of data also comes with significant responsibility. Businesses need to make sure they are using this data only for good. They need to protect the data and privacy of their employees and customers. Otherwise, they may end up losing the faith of both their employees and customers. It will be interesting to see what businesses do with this data in the future. Now, people care about their privacy and security than they ever did in the past.

Looking to the Future of the Business World for Young Professionals

These are just a few of the many ways that the business world is changing. The world is going to continue to evolve in the future. Anyone looking to land a job at one of the top companies has to keep up with the changes taking place in the business world. That way, they can place themselves in a position to be successful not only on the day of the interview but also once they get a job with the company of their choice.

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press

The post Looking at the changes happening in the business world appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

Common tricks students use to fill up the page Wednesday, Feb 24 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

If you have to grade many papers, you might get frustrated when you realize that your students aren’t writing as much as you think they are. When students are given an essay assignment, they are usually given a page limit instead of a word count. Even though it would be better for students to write to a word count, it is difficult for teachers to track every word. Therefore, teachers issue a page limit instead. Then, all of a sudden, you come across an essay that appears to meet the page limit but doesn’t seem to contain the same amount of content. What are some of the most common tricks that students use to fluff up their page count? That way, you can catch these later.


Students Don’t Fill Up the Last Page.

One of the most common tricks students will use is that they simply do not fill up the last page. For example, students are told that the essay needs to be three pages. Therefore, they believe that if their printer prints out three pages, they feel like they have met the assignment even if only one line is present on the last page. Teachers need to specify that their students need to fill out the entirety of the final page if they want an essay that is three pages long. Otherwise, they might be disappointed by the result. 


Students Play with the Margins.

Another common trick that students will use is they end up playing with the margins. If you squeeze the page’s margins, the student will not fit as many words on them. Therefore, students will commonly shrink the lateral margin from 1 inch to 1.25 inches. Students might even play with the top and bottom margins as well to squeeze the essay even further. Teachers need to specify the width and height of the margins before students start turning in their assignments. Otherwise, the margins might be squeezed.


Students Change the Font Type and Size.

Arguably the most common trick that students use as playing with the font. For example, students might increase their font size from 10-point font to 12-point font or even 14-point font. The larger the font is, the fewer words the student can fit on the page. Besides, students will also play with the type of font they use as well. For example, students might continuously switch their font around until they find a more prominent font possible. That way, they don’t have to write as much. A lot of teachers will specify the type of font students have to use along with the size. 


Be Specific with Essay Assignments.

These are just a few of the most common tricks students will employ if they have an essay coming up. Students need to adhere to the specifications of the class. It is also incumbent upon teachers to make sure that they make the expectations clear. That way, they end up with essays that meet the standard. 

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press

The post Common tricks students use to fill up the page appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

Tips for returning to school as a parent Monday, Feb 22 2021 

By Jacob Maslow — Branded Content

Are you thinking about going back to school but are worried about how it will affect your family? You need to take this into account, but going to college when you have a family shouldn’t derail your progress and contribute to it. However, communication and cooperation are critical. The steps below can help you all prepare for the change.

Know the Finances

You need to know how much your classes will cost and how you’ll fit them into the family budget. If you are taking out private student loans, you should also figure out your repayment schedule. You can use a student loan repayment calculator to get an estimate. As a family, you should talk about how the cost will impact your budget and what changes you may need.

Assigning Chores

You will have less time than you used to, so responsibilities within the family may need to be reallocated. If you are a stay-at-home parent, this is going to be a significant change for everyone. It’s best if everyone approaches it in a spirit of generosity and forgiveness because it will probably be bumpy for a while. If your kids are taking on chores they haven’t done before, they may not be perfect at it to start with or may forget. It’s normal for there to be some frustration and resentment all around. Talking about some of these challenges upfront can help you all keep perspective if a conflict arises.

Enforcing Boundaries

How much you can enforce boundaries will vary according to the ages and needs of your children. Still, in general, older children should respect times when they are busy and studying or taking an online class. Breaking habits might be more challenging, and even though they understand that they aren’t supposed to be disturbing you, if you are the parent they usually come to if they are hungry or bored or need a ride somewhere, you may need to redirect them a few times before it sticks gently. Keep in mind that in returning to school, you can be a valuable role model for your children even if they find it difficult in the short run. You may also be surprised to discover your family a significant source of support during this time.

Contingency Planning

Having kids makes life unpredictable. When they get sick, or childcare falls through, you might have to drop what you’re doing, even if that’s studying for a big exam or writing a paper on a deadline. However, it can also help determine things like this were coming up and work out some solutions. You may want to have one or two family members or friends who can quickly step in if necessary. You might also want to chat with your professors about your responsibilities and your challenges juggling family life while you pursue an education. If an emergency does occur that throws you off schedule, and you end up staying awake all night with a sick child, keep in mind that even students who aren’t parents must contend with unforeseen interruptions and challenges sometimes too.

Photo Courtesy of Jacob Maslow // Cosmic Press

The post Tips for returning to school as a parent appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

The 2021 WHAS Crusade for Children logo revealed Saturday, Feb 20 2021 

This year's event is scheduled for June 5th and 6th.


Get creative this Valentine’s Day with COVID friendly date ideas Friday, Feb 12 2021 

By Grace Welsh —

Valentine’s Day may feel daunting as it creeps around the corner. While it may seem like your options are limited this year, there are plenty of ways to show your special someone that you care. Whether you decide to spend the special holiday with a friend, significant other, or yourself, here are some ways you can safely celebrate.


Fortunately, we live in a day and age where technology allows us to connect with others in ways that otherwise wouldn’t be possible.

If you and your loved one are celebrating from a distance, consider using FaceTime or Zoom to spend the day together.

You could both cook the same meal from your separate homes and enjoy them together over FaceTime. You could also watch a movie together using a site like Teleparty that allows you to stream at the same time while still being able to talk to one another.

Another great way to show someone you care (from a distance) is to mail them a love letter. It sounds cheesy, but who doesn’t love receiving a handwritten token of appreciation? If words aren’t your strong suit, show your love by curating a playlist full of special songs that they might enjoy.

Stay home together

If you play your cards right, sometimes at-home dates are the most special. Hosting together time in the comfort of your home can take the pressure off of a traditional “going-out” date and allows you to get more intimate with your partner or loved one.

You could set the mood with some lovey-dovey music, crack open a bottle of wine, and enjoy a fancy candlelit dinner. Or, watch your favorite movie and cuddle on the couch.

If you and your person are feeling creative, challenge each other in a bake-off. Or, bring out some canvases and follow along to a Bob Ross video. You could also write each other corny notes, or play a get to know you game like the “36 Questions That Lead to Love”.

If you’re fiending for physical closeness, bust out the rose petals, dim the lights, and have yourselves a romantic bath; this is a great way to show yourself love, too.

If you live with roommates or family and want a night alone with your partner, consider getting an Airbnb for the night and using it as your sacred hideaway.

Get out

There are plenty of ways to go out together while still being mindful of COVID-19 guidelines.

If you’re feeling outdoorsy, you and your loved one can go on a peaceful hike at a local park such as Jefferson Memorial Forest or Iroquois Park. Learn to mushroom hunt, take photos, or just mindfully enjoy the scenery together.

When it’s dark out, consider going to a safe, remote location and watching the stars together. Get a stargazing app, such as SkyView Lite, bundle up on a blanket and point out the most vivid constellations you see.

Many museums, such as the Speed Art Museum, which is free for U of L students, are taking necessary precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19, so booking a couple of tickets to view some art may not be a bad idea. Mask up and head to the Big Four Pedestrian Bridge afterward to get a pretty glimpse of the city.

However you decide to spend your Valentine’s Day, be present. Being able to put aside other priorities to celebrate this day of love is a beautiful gift. If you don’t have a partner, then treat yourself to these activities or do them with a friend. Remember, Valentine’s Day is about love, and there are many different types of love!

Graphic by Alexis Simon // The Louisville Cardinal 

The post Get creative this Valentine’s Day with COVID friendly date ideas appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

How to spend your rainy day this spring Monday, Feb 8 2021 

By Grace Welsh- 

With spring right around the corner, spring showers and gloomy days may hinder us from doing the things we love, but you don’t have to be bored if you use the time to your advantage. Here are some things you can do in the comfort of your own home to pass the time on a rainy day.


Get creative.

Building a puzzle is a great way to exercise your mind. Puzzles have been proven to increase short term memory, visual-spatial awareness, and mental speed.  They are also a great tool to practice mindfulness, patience and relieve stress. 

If you don’t have any puzzles on standby, consider making your own using a picture from a magazine and a pair of scissors.

Baking is another great way to pass the time. Because of quarantines and lockdowns, many have already picked up learning how to bake.

With no one to tell you not to, why not use your free day to make that dream cake you’ve been wanting to bake? One thing you can do is make an iconic dessert from a movie or show. For example, Miss Trunchbull’s chocolate cake from Matilda, Tiana’s honey-glazed baguettes from The Princess and the Frog, or Alice’s shape-shifting cookies as seen in Alice in Wonderland. Invite a friend to come share with you or enjoy your delicacy on your own.

If you’d rather sit down and write, you can always follow a journal prompt.

To some people, writing in a journal may seem arbitrary and too open-ended, but using a prompt to aid what you write about can aid in your own journey of self-discovery. 

Moving your thoughts from your head to a page can help clear your mind and release pent-up emotions in a safe way. Ask yourself questions like: “How would someone who just met me describe me?” or, “when am I most in my element?”

A few minutes of self reflection everyday can make a big difference!


Practice self care through good cleaning habits.

The thought of cleaning isn’t everyone’s cup of tea. It’s truly easier said than done. But a rainy day inside is the perfect excuse to crank up your music and deep clean all the nooks and crannies in your home that don’t get enough love. 

Vacuum under that couch, scrub out that microwave, wipe down those windows, and wash those sheets. Try working in 25 minute increments with 5 minute breaks, otherwise known as the Pomodoro method, and it can make time go by faster and increase your productivity. 

But you also need to focus on keeping your body in good condition.

Time spent on self care is never wasted. Your body is your home, and sometimes it can be easy to neglect certain pieces. If you have the opportunity on a rainy day at home, take the time to listen to what your body needs and cater to it. 

Light some candles and soak in an Epsom salt bath, play with some nail polish, try on outfits that make you feel awesome, stretch your bones or try a face mask

Take time to do something fun.

Find a nice movie to sit down and enjoy. Sometimes, all we really need is a day on the couch or snuggled up in bed to make us feel better. Giving yourself permission to release, relax, and consume a comforting film is a wonderful experience. Whether it be a critically acclaimed A24 film, or a Nicholas Sparks tearjerker, whatever you do with your day off is your business.

Dance like nobody’s watching! Getting up and moving your body is a great way to release endorphins and serotonin that boost your mood. Stretch your body, turn on that playlist, dim the lights, and dance like no one’s watching. Invite your roommates/friends to join, or partake in the cathartic experience by yourself. You won’t be disappointed by the results. 

Think of something you’ve been curious about for a while and take some time to learn more about it. 

Going down rabbit holes on Wikipedia or Youtube are fun ways to learn about a topic, but you could also watch a documentary or pick up a book from the library. Some interesting documentaries include Ancient Top 10 on Hulu and 13th, or, Have a Good Trip on Netflix.

Graphic by Alexis Simon // The Louisville Cardinal

The post How to spend your rainy day this spring appeared first on The Louisville Cardinal.

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