The Flood Next Time: Warming Raises The Risk Of Disaster Monday, Jul 25 2016 

People in West Virginia are still recovering from floods that tore through communities like vengeful gods. When you look at the pictures and videos of the June flood – thick, brown, furious, unrelenting – it’s not hard to imagine how our ancestors believed supernatural beings were behind the devastation. Today, of course, we have better insight into the natural forces at work, and science shows us that the damage from nature’s wrath has a lot to do with human behavior.

Cleaning up in a Kanawha County home after West Virginia's flooding disaster.Kara Lofton, WVPB

Cleaning up in a Kanawha County home after West Virginia’s flooding disaster.

The National Weather Service described the West Virginia disaster as a 1000-year event, a term meteorologists use to describe the rare probability of such extreme rains. Many scientists who study the climate, however, warn that our warming atmosphere is increasing the likelihood and severity of flooding disasters. Further, a review of emergency planning shows that while risk of extreme rainfall is on the rise in Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia, the states are not doing enough to prepare for the rising waters.

The Science

“Data are very clear,” said Michael Mann, Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science at Penn State University. “There is a substantial increase in what we call the intensity of rainfall events,” he said, “which is simply to say, flooding – more extreme and more prevalent flooding.”


NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, reported that last month was the warmest June for the U.S since temperature record-keeping began more than a century ago, and 2016 is on track to become the globe’s warmest year ever recorded. Mann explained that our atmosphere is like a sponge, and the warmer it is the more water it can hold.


States at Risk: America’s Preparedness Report Card

“When you squeeze that sponge you’re going to get more intense rainfall events, more intense flooding,” he said. “And the data indicate that this is indeed happening in the U.S.”

A report by NOAA and some sixty other scientific agencies shows that intense rainstorms have increased significantly in many parts of the country over the past half-century. In West Virginia and parts of the northeastern U.S., the proportion of precipitation that comes down in the heaviest storms went up by 71 percent. In Kentucky and Ohio, those heavy storms are up by about a third over the same time period.  And climate forecasts show a strong likelihood that those trends will continue as the planet warms further.

The Cost

That’s bad news for Appalachia, which is the region most prone to flash-flooding in the country, and maybe even the world. The Pew Charitable Trusts found that flooding is the fastest-growing and most costly type of natural disaster across the country and the National Flood Insurance Program is nearly $24 billion in debt. The Federal Emergency Management Agency found that eight weather events in the U.S. have cost more than $13 billion in property losses so far this year, to say nothing of lives lost.

Director of the Office of External Affairs at FEMA, Josh Batkin, said his organization is working to adjust to increasing numbers of disasters.

“We’ve come up with this idea of a ‘disaster deductible’,” Batkin said.

The idea FEMA is developing would have each state pay a predetermined financial commitment in order to receive the public assistance funding made available after disaster declarations. Batkin said this would create another way to reward states for investing in disaster preparedness.

More than 5,000 homes were damaged or destroyed in West Virginia.Kara Lofton, WVPB

More than 5,000 homes were damaged or destroyed in West Virginia.

“We would provide [states] with credit toward their deductible amount for doing what needs to be done to make people safer and to protect infrastructure,” Batkin said.

With other changes going into effect this year FEMA requires an assessment of the risks posed by climate change to be included in the hazard mitigation plans states must submit to the agency. This means states won’t just be considering the threats based on past disasters; the risk analysis will now also account for how climate change could increase future events such as flooding.

Plans are updated on a five-year cycle, with varying deadlines among the states. In Kentucky, for example, the new plan wouldn’t be due until 2018. An independent review of state-level planning and risk indicates that such changes are overdue in the Ohio Valley.

Tomorrow’s Floods

The nonprofit Climate Central, which offers scientific research and information on climate change, produced a report last November called States at Risk: America’s Preparedness Report Card. The report rated states on how well each is preparing for predicted increases in risks, including flooding.

Some states such as Massachusetts scored well. But in the Ohio Valley the risks were high and the marks were low when it came to planning for increased frequency and severity of floods: West Virginia and Ohio got D’s; Kentucky got an F.

floodplain-v6Alexandra Kanik | Ohio Valley ReSource

The report found that while the three states have acted to address the current risks to flooding they have done little or nothing in the way of planning and preparedness for the increase in risk that scientists predict. By mid-century the threat of inland flooding is projected to increase by 20 to 25 percent in Ohio and West Virginia if people remain in harm’s way.

In Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia combined, more than 700,000 people live in high-risk areas for flooding. In West Virginia, that means eight percent of the entire state population living in flood-prone places.

Yet the report found that in West Virginia there is no statewide adaptation plan for communities or for sectors such as transportation and health. Further, there was no evidence that the state is implementing any adaptation guidelines or policies in regard to those increased risks for flooding. The report found similar shortcomings in Kentucky and Ohio.

Rising Above

In West Virginia, where June’s flooding killed 23 people and damaged or destroyed more than 5,000 homes and businesses, certified floodplain managers like Charles Baker are taking a hard look at what needs to be done. The steep hills and history of settlements in narrow river valleys naturally puts a lot of people at risk. But Baker said flood-proofing techniques can help some communities become more resilient to flooding.

Eight percent of West Virginians live in areas with an elevated risk of flooding. Submitted photo, courtesy WVPB.

Eight percent of West Virginians live in areas with an elevated risk of flooding.

He pointed out that in many West Virginia communities residents are offered lower flood insurance premiums when they adopt mitigation strategies. Techniques include elevating homes, relocating out of flood hazard areas, or even selling properties to FEMA. Some properties flooded in the past have been purchased and then demolished. The riverbank areas were then left open as parks or green space, which can safely take on high water in the future.

“Not everybody likes permits, not everybody likes regulation,” Baker said, “but we need everybody to realize that when these disasters occur it’s going to save us a lot in trying to rebuild this great state.”

Baker said he thinks West Virginia is on the right path with more than 200 floodplain managers working to lessen the toll from disasters. But he and others cautioned that more could be done and that residents must be mindful of the risks in a warming climate.


New Board To Develop Strategies For Agricultural Water Use Sunday, Jul 24 2016 

A new board to develop strategies for agricultural water use in Kentucky is closer to its first meeting.

The Kentucky Water Resources Board was created during this year’s General Assembly. The board was formed to provide state regulators with recommendations on water use efficiency, as well as develop a water conservation strategy for the state’s agricultural sector.

Kentucky Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles supported the legislation and will serve on the newly-formed board. He says water is one of Kentucky’s greatest resources, and the board will focus on making sure the resource is managed responsibly into the future.

“I’m excited that Kentucky is playing a proactive role,” Quarles said. “We’re not reacting to a problem, we’re trying to get out in front of it so we can better align the needs of Kentuckians and balance those with production, agriculture and other industries.”

Quarles said there’s a lot that still unknown about Kentucky’s groundwater resources — like underground aquifers. He said most of the commonwealth’s farmers rely on rainfall, but increasingly more are tapping into aquifers for crop irrigation.

Along with understanding what resources are available, Quarles said more research on weather is necessary. The two extremes — heavy rainfall and drought — are becoming more common in Kentucky as the climate changes, and both affect farmers.

“Weather obviously is an unpredictable aspect of farming and agriculture, but to better understand it, we need more local data,” Quarles said. “Which is why we have invested in Mesonet systems across Kentucky, which allow us to gather more data to analyze so we can better understand our weather and climate issues.”

The legislation stipulates that the board be made up of nine voting members, including Energy and Environment Cabinet Secretary Charles Snavely, Quarles and the dean of the University of Kentucky’s College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment.

Earlier this month, Governor Matt Bevin appointed six men to the board: retired government employee and Kentucky Environmental Quality Commission chair Stephen A. Coleman will represent the Kentucky Farm Bureau; farmer Kevin Jeffries of Crestwood will represent the Kentucky Association of Conservation Districts; Kentucky American Water Vice President of Operations Kevin Rogers, who will represent the Kentucky Chamber of Commerce; Lexington attorney Lloyd Cress will represent the Kentucky League of Cities; Bracken County Judge-Executive Earl Bush, who will represent the Kentucky County Judge/Executive Association; and John Dix of Bowling Green, who is the General Manager of the Warren County Water District and will represent the Kentucky Rural Water Association.

High Ozone Levels Expected Wednesday Tuesday, Jul 19 2016 

High ozone levels Wednesday could result in air that’s unhealthy for sensitive groups. Air quality alert

The Louisville Metro Air Pollution Control District has issued an Air Quality Alert for ozone, saying the air pollution could affect young children, the elderly and people with respiratory ailments like asthma and COPD.

Check the city’s current air quality here.

Louisville Proposes Limiting Biodigesters To Certain Industrial, Agricultural Land Tuesday, Jul 19 2016 

Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer’s administration has released a long-awaited proposal to regulate the location of anaerobic biodigesters in the city. These biodigesters take organic waste — like food — and turn it into natural gas. The technology has been praised by renewable energy advocates, but two biodigesters planned in Louisville’s West End neighborhoods last year raised concerns about their proximity to homes and potential health and safety issues.

Under the proposed rules, biodigesters would be allowed in the city only in industrially-zoned locations that are at least a quarter mile from homes, churches and schools. They would also be allowed on legitimate agricultural operations. According to the map released Monday by Louisville’s Office of Planning and Design Services, this would limit most potential biodigester locations to several areas in Rubbertown and along the Ohio River in the southwestern part of the city, a large parcel near the airport and landfill and various agricultural locations near the southern and eastern borders of the county.

The proposal last year to locate two biodigesters on the West End was met with an outpouring of criticism from neighborhood residents. One of the proposed projects would have been part of the West Louisville FoodPort in the Russell neighborhood; it was scuttled last August.

The other biodigester was set to go next to the Heaven Hill distillery in the California neighborhood, and would have processed waste from that facility. The company behind that project — STAR BioEnergy — cancelled it in January after months of opposition. Neighbors said they were worried about odors from the plant, as well as the implications of putting yet another industrial site so close to a heavily residential neighborhood.

Councilman David James, who was vocal in his opposition to the previous projects, said the proposal was a step in the right direction.

“This proposed regulation represents a good starting point for discussion,” James said. “We are eager to get community input because this is a quality of life and quality of neighborhood issue.”

Brian Zoeller, an attorney who represented one of the biodigester companies in the past, said he personally felt the proposal sends the wrong message to the business community and renewable energy advocates.

“I feel like the proposed legislation is weighed too heavily on one vantage point, and good leadership always weighs all concerns,” he wrote in an email. “This feels too much like getting a cannon to kill an ant. I am proud of our community and civic leaders who are calling for us to be responsible. However, responsibility carries actions on both sides of the fence. It requires us to be well informed and to move based on facts and not just feelings.”

The city will hold six public meetings to get input on the proposed biodigester regulations: July 25 at the California Community Center and the Southwest Library; July 26 at the East Government Center and the Beechmont Community Center; and July 27 at the Newburg Library and the Central Government Center. All meetings are from 6-8 p.m.

The rule is set to go before the Planning Commission on August 1 at 6 p.m. The commission will then make a recommendation to Metro Council for final action.

This post has been updated.

Coal Is ‘Clean,’ According To Republicans’ Draft Platform Friday, Jul 15 2016 

There are lots of factual ways to describe coal: carbon-rich, abundant, fossil fuel. But Republicans would like to add one more to the list: clean.

In the national GOP’s draft platform — leaked earlier this week — the party lays out its position on a number of issues, including the role it believes coal should play in America’s energy production. The share of U.S. electricity produced by coal is at the lowest point in more than half a century; in 2015, it accounted for 33 percent of U.S. electricity generation.

Coal’s recent problems have been numerous: It’s getting harder to reach reserves in Appalachia, it’s facing competition from cheaper natural gas, and utilities are choosing to retire older coal-fired plants rather than update them to comply with new environmental regulations.

But the Republican draft platform doubles down on coal.

Earlier this week in committee, Texas delegate David Barton slightly modified the party’s position on coal. To a list of adjectives describing the fuel, he added one word: clean. Now the draft platform includes this sentence: “The Democratic Party does not understand that coal is an abundant, clean, affordable, reliable domestic energy resource.”

Putting aside the Democratic Party’s understanding of coal’s merits and disadvantages, the GOP platform raises the question: How clean is coal?

According to two industry representatives, the term may be relative. Coal is cleaner than it used to be. But both Bill Bissett of the Kentucky Coal Association and Laura Sheehan of the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity shied away from calling it “clean.”

“I think we’re cleaner,” Bissett said before pivoting to argue that environmental footprint is only one of the factors that should be considered when considering energy sources.

“But I would almost look at that the opposite way: that every form of electricity production has some kind of environmental and economic cost to it, and what’s critical is that we have a fair discussion of those costs. And that usually doesn’t happen,” he said.

Sheehan pointed to the progress the coal industry has made in reducing emissions over the past four decades.

“Thanks to the significant investment of $126 billion in clean coal technologies by industry, today’s power plants emit 92 percent less emissions than they did in 1970 – making this power source cleaner than ever before,” she wrote in an email.

And this is true. Today, most coal-fired power plants have pollution controls that drastically reduce emissions of mercury, nitrogen oxides or sulfur dioxide. But the utility industry hasn’t added those emissions controls voluntarily.

“We do have technology to reduce some of the pollution that comes from coal, but our power industry has to be forced by the Clean Air Act to use that available, proven technology,” said Sarah Lynn Cunningham of the Louisville Climate Action Network.

Cunningham also takes issue with the GOP’s characterization of coal as “affordable,” saying the cost of the fuel doesn’t include numerous externalities — like health and environment costs that are passed to others.

Coal-burning also releases large amounts of carbon dioxide, which contributes to climate change. The GOP draft platform supports carbon capture and sequestration technology, which has been proven as a way to reduce CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants.

But so far, power plants experimenting with the technology haven’t found a way to make it economically feasible without a carbon tax. Republicans oppose a carbon tax and instead “urge the private sector to focus its resources on the development of the carbon capture and sequestration technology still in its early stages here and overseas.”

The GOP draft platform stops short of denying the earth’s climate is changing — though both presumptive presidential nominee Donald Trump and reported vice president pick Mike Pence have made statements to that effect — but calls for a “dispassionate analysis of hard data” when projecting long-term climate data.

The draft Democratic platform avoids mentioning coal almost entirely, except to talk about the importance of investing in the country’s coal communities and creating economic opportunities for former coal workers. The platform also calls climate change a “real and urgent threat to our economy, our national security, and our children’s health and futures,” and calls for investments in clean energy.

State Regulators Seek Public Comment Before Citing Estill County Landfill Thursday, Jul 14 2016 

The Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet says it will seek public comment on any potential enforcement actions stemming from the disposal of low-level radioactive fracking waste disposed in an Estill County landfill.

Earlier this year, state officials acknowledged that radioactive waste from natural gas drilling operations in West Virginia had ended up at the Blue Ridge Landfill in Irvine, Kentucky. The Blue Ridge Landfill is operated by Advanced Disposal; the company has said it didn’t knowingly accept any illegal waste.

The cabinet issued a notice of violation in March, and is currently is in “active discussions” with Advanced Disposal on what — if any — enforcement action should be taken.

The closed-door nature of the negotiations worried some Estill County citizens, who banded together last month to form a group called the Concerned Citizens of Estill County. One of the group’s concerns was that members wanted more involvement in the process, and a say in what remediation will be taken at the landfill.

In response to those concerns, Energy and Environment Secretary Charles Snavely announced Thursday that any potential agreement with Advanced Disposal would be released as a draft, and the cabinet would welcome comments and recommendations. Any public input would then be evaluated and potentially included in the order before it becomes finalized.

“We respect the desire of citizens of Estill County to want to have a say in how the waste material in this landfill is handled,” Snavely said in a news release.

Attorney Mary Cromer represents the Concerned Citizens of Estill County. She said the cabinet held a similar process in 2013, under the previous administration, when negotiating settlements with coal companies ICG and Frasure Creek.

In that case, she said the deal was finalized on the last day of the public comment period and the seeking of public input felt like it was just for show.

“We felt like our comments weren’t read,” she said. “It didn’t enrich the cabinet’s ability to settle a deal that really took into account the concerns of the citizens.”

Because of this experience, Cromer is cautious.

“I hope that’s not what they’re planning to do here,” she said. “If they’re really planning to look at what the public has to say and reopen the negotiations based on the input they get from those citizens who are directly affected by this waste, then it is a valid process.”

The Concerned Citizens of Estill County will hold a rally this Saturday from 5-8 p.m. at the football field at Estill County High School.

Long Reliant On Coal, Even The South Is Reflecting Nationwide Shift Away Wednesday, Jul 13 2016 

Even in what has historically been the country’s coal-fired stronghold, coal’s share of the electricity market is declining. The drop of coal-fired electricity generation in the Southeast — and a corresponding rise in natural gas and renewables — is reflecting what’s happening to the nation as a whole.

The Southern States Energy Board released its regional energy profile last week. The SSEB is an interstate compact made up of elected officials from 16 Southern states, as well as Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Kentucky is part of the compact, as are neighboring states like Missouri, West Virginia and Tennessee.

“The states that have been predominantly coal in the past are seeing some of the same pressures [as the rest of the country],” said SSEB Senior Technical Analyst Gary Garrett.

“Coal-generating plants are getting older, natural gas prices are getting lower and are competing much more favorably with coal than they have in the past. There’s some pressure from renewable energy that’s coming online, and of course, environmental regulations have helped to increase the cost of producing electricity from coal, because of putting on additional pollution control equipment,” he said.

In 2015, coal produced 33 percent of the electricity in both the United States and the region covered by the SSEB. For the region, that represented a nearly 17 percent drop from the previous year.

Over the same period, natural gas generation in the SSEB states increased by more than 21 percent, and hydroelectric power and wind increased by 7.5 percent and 14.2 percent, respectively.

Coal still accounts for 87 percent of electricity generation in Kentucky; the only SSEB state that gets more electricity from coal is West Virginia, at 94 percent.

The report also found that 2015 electricity rates in SSEB states averaged about 9.23 cents per kilowatt hour — lower than the national average of 10.42 cents. But Garrett cautions low rates don’t always translate into lower bills for residents of the South.

“That can sometimes be a little bit of a political point that people make, and you can take it for what you will, but a lot of times people really do focus on what they pay for electricity in terms of their bill, rather than what they pay in terms of their rates,” he said.

High electricity usage — due in part to cold winters and hot summers — and homes that often lack basic energy efficiency measures help contribute to bills in SSEB states that are 13 percent higher than the national average.

With Summer May Come Harmful Algal Blooms In Kentucky Rivers, Lakes Tuesday, Jul 5 2016 

This year, as in previous years, it’s likely summer in Kentucky will come with an occasional harmful algal bloom.

These algal blooms are a type of cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae. They can irritate your skin if you’re exposed to them for a prolonged amount of time. The algae can also cause nausea and other gastrointestinal problems.

In 2014, numerous state lakes had algal blooms. Last year, there were fewer lakes affected, but a giant algal bloom stretched down the Ohio River from Ashland past Louisville.

Kentucky Division of Water Director Peter Goodmann said this year, the state is monitoring lakes and rivers via satellite, looking for any signs that blooms are forming. Regulators are also in contact with people on the ground in state parks and at Army Corps lakes. If there’s any sign of a problem, state scientists perform water testing, as well as continue testing water bodies that had a problem last year.

Goodmann said late July, August and September are the times of year when harmful algal blooms are most likely to form. But there are a lot of variables.

“As things dry out, you have more sunny days, you have lower flows, higher water temperatures, those are more conducive to harmful algal blooms,” he said. “If we get a lot of rain and the turbidities are high and the flows stay high in the water bodies, it’s less likely.”

Goodmann said there’s still a lot that’s not known about how cyanobacteria — which are living organisms — form and compete with other algae. He said it was impossible to predict whether the spring’s weather conditions had set the stage for a summer full of algal blooms, but his scientists are keeping an eye on water bodies with high levels of nutrients, warm water and low turbidity.

“The more those conditions develop, the more likely we are to have harmful algal blooms,” he said. “And you know, we’re going to have some. It’s a matter of where and how many and how intense will they be. So we’ll just see how that goes.”

Kentucky has already had one algal bloom so far this year — Goodman said an algae called Pseudoanabaena was found in the lower Cumberland River below the dam last week. But Pseudoanabaena isn’t a big toxin producer, and Goodmann said the bloom was minor.

Races Encourage People To Experience Beauty On The Ohio River Monday, Jul 4 2016 

Three boat races down the Ohio River are set for September, and registration is now open. But the races are more than just a competition — for Gerry James, they’re an opportunity to show people another side of the river.

James is standing on the public boat dock off River Road. He’s the director of The Explore Kentucky Initiative, one of the sponsors of Riverthon. And he says some people are afraid of the Ohio River. As if on cue, a piece of trash floats downstream.

“Right there, it’s floating,” he pointed. “It’s a plastic bottle.”

Gerry James

Gerry James

Part of The Explore Kentucky Initiative’s mission is to get Kentuckians out of cities and exploring the commonwealth’s natural areas. That includes the Ohio River, which James says has an unfair reputation. When he tells people he spends time on the river…

“The reaction is like, why would you do that?! It’s so dirty. Oh my goodness. I can’t believe…you’re going to come back with three arms or something like that,” he said.

But it’s quiet on the river. There’s also a heron that swoops across our view, and fish jumping in the water. This is the Ohio River James wants people to experience.

Riverthon is coming up in September. The annual event includes three river races of various lengths, open to anyone in a paddle-powered watercraft. “I’m just really excited about it, because it’s a cool way to take back the river,” James said. “It’s like showing people that this is not just, like, a dump. It’s something beautiful.”

Registration is open now.

Estill County Residents Worried About Radioactive Waste Form Non-Profit Thursday, Jun 30 2016 

Residents living near a landfill in Estill County that accepted radioactive waste from gas drilling operations are organizing a new nonprofit. The group’s leaders say they want to hold the companies responsible for the disposal accountable, as well as make sure state regulators share pertinent information about the health and safety risks posed to citizens.

Earlier this year, state officials acknowledged that radioactive waste from natural gas drilling operations in West Virginia had ended up at the Blue Ridge Landfill in Irvine, Kentucky. Another, slightly less radioactive shipment was disposed in a Greenup County landfill. The Blue Ridge Landfill is operated by Advanced Disposal; the company has said it didn’t knowingly accept any illegal waste.

The waste is called Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials, or TENORM.

Now, citizens are joining with two well-known environmental attorneys to push Kentucky regulators to release more information about the waste and involve the public in any negotiations.

Attorney Mary Cromer of the Appalachian Citizens’ Law Center said the Concerned Citizens of Estill County want more involvement in the process.

“The Energy and Environment Cabinet is in settlement negotiations with the company. We presume those settlement negotiations include a remediation plan, and as of yet, we have not been able to get open records information from the cabinet, much less be included in any kind of settlement talks,” she said. “The Concerned Citizens of Estill County believe that it’s absolutely the right of the people in the county who are the most affected have a say in how this problem is dealt with.”

CCEC Chairman Michael Wilson said the group held its first meeting Thursday, and adopted a resolution saying its members wouldn’t accept any agreement reached between the state and Advanced Disposal that was reached behind closed doors.

Wilson said there are numerous community concerns about radioactive waste in the Blue Ridge Landfill.

“Our schools are directly across the road from this landfill, we’re concerned about the impact on our children which are students there, we’re also concerned about the employees that are there, what they’re being exposed to, and we’re also concerned about the people who live near this landfill, both from a medical concern and also from a loss of property values,” he said.

Tom FitzGerald of the Kentucky Resources Council said the group is waiting to see how the state responds to its request to make the negotiations with Advanced Disposal more transparent before it considers legal action.

Two state government agencies are involved in the environmental enforcement and remediation of the site.

In an emailed statement, John Mura of the Energy and Environment Cabinet said the agency is taking enforcement action and doesn’t believe there’s any imminent health risk to landfill workers or the public.

“We understand and share the concerns of the public and are working toward resolution of these issues. Concurrently with the ongoing enforcement action, the Oil and Gas Workgroup continues to meet to develop policy recommendations that are intended to address the proper management of these types of wastes in the Commonwealth.”

Cabinet for Health and Family Services Spokesman Doug Hogan said his agency is focused on the potential health risks, and had taken numerous soil and water samples.

“At this point, there is no evidence the illegal dumping caused radiation and radioactive contamination above federal and state safety limits at the landfill or the surrounding areas, which include Estill County Middle and High Schools,” Hogan said. “We continue to work collaboratively with Environment and Energy Cabinet, oil and gas industry leaders, and environmental activists to establish a set of regulations to govern TENORM disposal throughout Kentucky.”

The Concerned Citizens of Estill County will hold a rally on July 16 from 5:00 to 8:00 p.m. at the football field at Estill County High School.

The featured photo in this story is from the Wetzel County Landfill, New Martinsville, WV. 

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