Full colonial status may be a non-departure, but a voluntary and beneficial erosion of sovereignty should not be. For example, six of the smallest states in the Eastern Caribbean, under the 1995 agreements, allow U.S. Navy ships to act fully in their territorial waters and undoubtedly calculate that it is better to contract their sovereignty on the part of the Americans than drug traffickers at will. These are versions of the Shiprider agreements with the United States, under which a local official is placed on board a U.S. Navy or Coast Guard vessel, which allows for better communication and coordination and, most importantly, provides immediate authorization for U.S. movements in territorial waters that would otherwise be outside the borders. Under the 1995 agreements, The Americans can act even if a “boat rider” does not exist or is not available and a “suspicious ship or aircraft” settles in high waters. President Ali said that the agreement would not expose the country to the risk of Venezuelan aggression, which could be true, as noted above, and that it would not have a negative impact on the border dispute currently under way before the ICJ. With regard to his explanatory statement, this is an agreement on the prohibition of drugs, which revived the original – either modified or unchanged – of 2001 and which was conceived with the confrontation with drug trafficking and not with Venezuela in mind. There can be few arguments to say that Guyana is now an important transshipment point for drugs. Today, Shiprider is once again making headlines and sparking new controversy after the U.S.

coast guard arrested four Jamaican fishermen as part of the deal, and amid signals that the United States has put Maduro on the basis of drug bans. In the case of Jamaica, the question is whether individuals lose their rights when they are persecuted under a government agreement. The Shiprider agreement was not the only result of the Foreign Minister`s visit. There was the announcement of US$5 million to assist Venezuelan refugees in Guyana, which would certainly relieve some pressure on Guyana`s limited resources, as well as the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on growth in America. Exactly how this will work is not yet entirely clear, but Pompeo`s office said Washington was committed to helping Guyana create an attractive investment climate with the appropriate rules and safeguards. He added that the memorandum aims to “attract more private sector investment to the United States to develop Guyana`s physical infrastructure, the energy sector and the digital economy in a transparent manner.” The State Department argued that the agreement was in line with some of Barbados` international obligations and that the island was not prepared to sign it was at odds with otherwise excellent operational cooperation with the U.S. authorities on the issues covered by the proposed agreement. What a small appearance of unity existed within Caricom when caricom countries lined up to sign the agreement, some of which claimed it was contrary to Articles 12 and 16 of the revised Treaty of Chaguaramas.